NewEnglandTravelPlanner.com Logo   Ticks & Diseases in New England
Enjoy New England outdoors, but take precautions against ticks and tick-borne illness.

Mount Washington, New Hampshire
Mt Washington, NH: you're unlikely to find ticks on the snowy summit!

























rentalcars.com













 

 

Tiny insects called ticks are Arachnidae, related to spiders.

Blacklegged Ticks (Ixodes scapularis, also called Deer Ticks) and American Dog Ticks (Dermacentor variabilis) are common in the southern New England states (Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts) and are becoming common in the northern New England states of Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine.

You must be aware of these insects and prevent against the serious diseases they may carry. Don't let it scare you—just take the proper precautions and these diseases are preventable.

Blacklegged Ticks

About 25% to 33% of Blacklegged ("Deer") Ticks in New England may bear and transmit serious illnesses including Lyme disease, Babesiosis, and Anaplasmosis.

The best defense is to understand the the ticks and the risks, and avoid them:

Life stages of Blacklegged Tick
Adult ticks are about the size of a sesame seed,
larvae the size of a poppy seed: really tiny!

Larval Stage Ticks

Larval Stage Ticks are teeny-tiny! Tiny as they are, they may get on you, and they need a meal of blood to progress to the next stage in their life cycle.

Nymph Stage Ticks

Nymph Stage Ticks, the small insects after the larval stage, are also tiny: barely 1 millimeter (4/100ths of an inch) in diameter, about the size of a poppy seed, pen point or the head of a pin. Nymphs are the most dangerous stage of the ticks' life. They carry the highest risk and are responsible for most instances of tick-borne disease.

They attach themselves to warm-blooded animals, feed on blood, and may pass disease-causing bacteria when they do. They are active in New England from early May through early August, with May, June and July being the highest-risk months. Their bite is virtually painless, so you probably won't notice it.

Adult Stage Ticks

Adult ticks are substantially larger than nymphs, 2 to 3 millimeters (8/100ths to 12/100ths of an inch) but still smaller than the much larger Dog Tick.

Adults are active from September through the winter to May, except perhaps during hard-freeze conditions. September, December, January and February are the lowest-risk times of year.

33% to 50% of Adult Stage ticks bear diseases.

Here's more information on the life cycle of ticks.

American Dog Ticks

American Dog Ticks, which are larger than Blacklegged Ticks and thus easier to spot and remove, do not carry and transmit the same diseases as do Blacklegged Ticks. Dog Ticks may carry and transmit Tularemia and Rock Mountain Spotted Fever.

Where You May Encounter Ticks

Ticks normally live in New England's forests, fields and lawns. Anywhere there are trees, plants, grasses or leaf litter, there may be ticks. They cannot jump or fly, but they can climb onto your shoes, then crawl up your socks and pant legs looking for a place to suck your blood.

In their habitat, Nymph Stage Ticks stay close to the ground. Adult ticks may climb plants, flowers and bushes up to a height of several feet (about a meter), from which they can climb onto you if you brush against the plant.

Ticks may climb onto and pass diseases to any mammal, bird, reptile or amphibian: deer, squirrel, mouse, vole, chipmunk, etc., so anywhere there are warm-blooded animals, there may also be ticks, including in the yards and gardens of houses, even in cities and towns, although the risk of contact increases greatly in forests and fields.

How to Prevent Tick-Borne Diseases

So ticks may be almost anywhere outdoors. Don't let this curtail your enjoyment of New England's woods, meadows and fields. Just take the proper preventative measures:

Use Tick Repellent

Two types of insect repellent are effective against ticks. It's very important to follow the instructions exactly when you use these strong chemicals. If misused, the repellents may not work, or may cause illness themselves:

DEET

Many insect repellents contain DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide), a chemical that makes it difficult for ticks to smell humans, and thus to be attracted to us. You can buy repellents containing DEET as liquid, lotion, spray, towelette, and other applications meant to be applied directly to the skin in areas most likely to be near ticks (such as feet, ankles, legs, hands, arms, etc. More...

Your Clothing

Consider wearing light-colored clothing so you can spot ticks more easily. Tuck your pants cuffs into the tops of your socks so the ticks cannot crawl right up your socks to your bare legs.

Permethrin

Permethrin is a powerful chemical that kills ticks on contact, but it is used only on clothing, NOT on bare skin!

Permethrin is meant to be applied to clothing well in advance of wearing (several hours), left to dry, then the clothing worn when pursuing activities in tick-habitat areas. So you must plan ahead to benefit from Permethrin's powerful tick-repellent properties.

You can buy outdoor clothing pre-treated with Permethrin that will retain its tick-repellent qualities through 70 washings; or you can buy sprays that have Permethrin as the active ingredient, spray your shoes, socks, pants, etc. under controlled conditions (read the label!), let the spray dry for several hours, then wear the clothing. If you spray it, your clothes may retain their repellent properties through about 4 to 6 washings.

Shower & Tick Check

Take a hot shower after outdoor activities in tick habitats, scrub all of your skin with a cloth, loofah, etc., and feel for ticks as you wash. Dry all of your skin vigorously with a towel. Then do a thorough tick check: front, back, feet, hands, limbs, butt, privates.

How to Remove Ticks

A good scrubby shower and vigorous toweling may remove ticks, but if you find one during your post-shower tick check, here's what to do:

Using pointy tweezers, grasp the tick at the head and pull it straight out of the skin. Do not twist it—pull it straight out, then apply antiseptic to the site of the bite.

Preserve the tick and note the date it was found and removed in case you want to have it tested for disease.

Chances of Contracting Disease

Finding a tick on you—even one that has attached and is feeding—does not mean you will contact a disease. The tick may not bear disease-causing bacteria (up to 50%+ do not), and it must feed for a certain amount of time in order to communicate a disease. If you remove it by showering or during a tick check on the same day it got onto you, you may have no reason to worry. Still, monitor the site of the bite daily for a week or two, and contact your doctor.

Tick-Borne Disease Resources

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Massachusetts Department of Public Health

University of Rhode Island Tick Encounter Resource Center

University of Massachusetts Tick-Borne Disease Diagnostics

Diagnosing & Treating Lyme Disease

—by Tom Brosnahan


Safety in New England

New England Geology

New England Outdoors

When to Visit New England

New England Almanac

Best New England Tours

New England Transportation

 

Paris Girls Secret Society, the new novel by Tom Brosnahan

 

Wild Turkeys

Wild turkeys: they love eating ticks (up to
200 per day), but they can also host them....

















Martha's Vineyard Island, Massachusetts
A garden on Martha's Vineyard:
beautiful, but watch for ticks...









New England Fall Foliage Tours

 










FranceTravelPlanner.com

FTP on Facebook    
Pinterest    Twitter