Logo   New England History Timeline
From 9000 BC to the 20th century.




9000 BC Immigrants from Asia reach what is now New England. More...

1000 BC Norse mariners explore parts of the New England coast.

1497 Giovanni Caboto (John Cabot) lands on the New England mainland and claims it for the king of England.

1524 Giovanni da Verrazano sails along the New England coast, naming Rhode Island. More...

1602 Bartholomew Gosnold and colonists arrive in New England, name Cape Cod and Martha's Vineyard, and set up a colony that lasts only 22 days. More...

1614 Captain John Smith returns to England with a rich cargo of fish and furs from what he calls "New England," the first use of the region's name. More...

1620 Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower reach the tip of Cape Cod in November, and Plymouth in December. More...

1635 English settlers bargain with Native Americans for six square miles of land on which to found the first New England town beyond tidewater: Concord, Massachusetts.

1636 Harvard College is founded to educate young men for the ministry. More...

1638-39 Portsmouth, Rhode Island is founded; Hartford, Windsor and Wethersfield, Connecticut join to form the Connecticut Colony.

1692 Witch trials are held in Salem, Massachusetts. More...

1765-67 Passage by Parliament in London of the Stamp Act and Townshend Acts infuriate American colonists.

1770 Boston Massacre in March heralds the break between mother country and colony.

1773 Boston Tea Partyon December 16th goads Parliament to pass strict laws strangling New England's economy. More...

1775 Minutemen of Lexington and Concord battle British regulars on April 19th, beginning the American Revolution. More...

1776 Revolutionary forces inflict heavy casualties on the British at the Battle of Bunker Hill on June 17. More...

1777 Vermont declares independence from Great Britain as a republic.

1783 By the Treaty of Versailles, Great Britain recognizes the independence of the United States.

1790's Salem MA shipowner and merchant Elias Hasket Derby becomes America's first millionaire.

1790's Eli Whitney's cotton gin provides cheap thread for New England's burgeoning textile industry.

1820 Maine, once part of colonial Massachusetts, becomes the 23rd state.

1845 Henry David Thoreau builds his cabin on Walden Pond in Concord MA. More...

1850s Boston, and especially Concord, Massachusetts, enjoy cultural—and especially literary—prominence by the work of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Bronson and Louisa May Alcott, Julia Ward Howe, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Margaret Fuller, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Mary Moody Emerson, and numerous other poets, writers, lecturers and philosophers.

1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe's book Uncle Tom's Cabin becomes a best-seller, inspiring Abolitionists who seek an end to slavery. More...

1857 Discovery of petroleum in Pennsylvania sounds the death knell for New England's whalers and rich whale-oil trade.

1929 Stock market crash signals the end of New England's commercial and industrial greatness.

1944 World monetary conference held at the Mount Washington Hotel, Bretton Woods, New Hampshire.

1954 USS Nautilus, the world's first nuclear-powered submarine, is launched at Groton, Connecticut.

1960-63 John F. Kennedy, of Brookline, Massachusetts, serves as President of the United States. More...

1970's Computer boom brings renewed prosperity to New England.

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Musketaquid Inscription, Concord MA

On the hill at Fairhaven, at the meeting of the rivers and along the banks, lived the Indian owners of Musketaquid before the White Man came.

(Inscription at the confluence of the Assabet and Sudbury rivers in Concord MA.)

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